Crotch issues - join with pen tool, delete an anchor point and they will join to a point.
Homework for this week - ruffled dress, Lea will send us the picture.
Have to draw overlocking.
First - how to save drawstring to symbol library
Open symbols library - underneath swatches.
Use this to put in frequently used things - eg, our drawstring
Every palate has menu at top right - this is important. Go down to "open symbol library" and "save symbol library" - can download symbol libraries in the same way as brushes.
To use symbols grab and drag into library.
Right click on symbol, select break link to avid the colours changing on everything.
Get rid of everything from symbol library and we start our own.
Go to pants layer, select drawstring, then click on top right thing ---> new symbol --> name it, "drawstring" --> not movie clip, graphic.
Now we have our new symbol!!!!
Each DDS we create uses the same symbol as long as we keep using the same file - if we want to have our symbol library everywhere, then this is how we do it
Menu, down the bottom, choose save symbol library, save this to your USB under symbol library - saves as a separate illustrator file.
Each time that you create a new symbol save it to your library - this can then be on any computer!!! This is easy and saves lots and lots of time.
Now - new layer - call this brushes.
We'll start making some brushes - we need a grid to start with. View --> show grid.
Zoom in on a few - this is a boundary. We are going to make the overlocking stitch!!!!
2 ways - physically draw with pen tool - 1 straight line, weight 3, then do an S next to it.
OR - use type tool. Type must be thin, Arial narrow? Manipulate to be skinny to look like the other one - has to overlap the black line. Make sure this is not a text box, just click once on the box.
Problem - we cannot create a brush using text - select s, then to Type, then to "Create outline" - has outlines, looks like something we drew with pen tool. Now we are ready.
Group line and S together.
Copied and pasted with mouse and alt and shift. Click FIRST, then alt and shift and drag away and you will have a copy! Hand has to hold all - mouse alt and shift.
Put S over the other one - Apple D will duplicate your last move. Keep duplicating until you have a row.
This is using the text version
The one we draw ourselves is a bit thinner, less clunky - maybe try this at home.
How do we get this to be a brush?
Open brushes in window - these work in the same way as symbols. Similar to photoshop.
Select row of stitching - same way as symbols - top right menu - new brush - choose pattern brush. Next window - can change scale - 50%? Trial and error. Name brush - overlocking. Don't want to flip, direct repeat. Stretch to fit.
Worry about colour!!! Choose tints, otherwise you can't change colour of stitch.
Now, just select brush and choose our stitch - change thickness etc.
2 types - basic with lines, or teeth. Must have both.
Create simple zipper first.
Rectangle tool, make black rectangle.
Practice copy and paste woot. Use the same technique, alt shift then duplicate.
Lots of black rectangles. Create this into a brush, the same way as before.
To alter brush - double click, if the spacing is wrong, just change. Go back into the brush, apply to strokes.
To make it look like it's open, reflect and copy and have them moving away from each other.
This zip also looks a bit like ribbing, make the same brush but thinner.
Now - detailed zipper. All done in how you actually draw it. Can be done by hand, but we are going to practice manipulation.
Create 2 rectangles and a circle - new palatte, the "pathfinder" - can trim, merge, crop, make to outlines - practice merging these to one.
Select all the shapes - merge.
Use white arrow and try to manipulate to zipper tooth. Delete points using white arrow and then use pen tool to make the curve.
Remember with the white arrow, if you want to change an anchor point that all of the points have to appear white, not black. If the point is black the whole thing moves.
Make sure zipper is a tiny bit wider than the graph -->making brush. The same old.
This can go on the side of a jacket front.
Object -->tranform --> reflect - problem, zipper teeth are going the same way. Ugh.
So - we need to make a brush that goes the opposite way.
Reflect our original, turn it upside down (in transform, rotate), make it a new brush.
Need to make a zipper that is closed, as not all zippers are open.
We'll use the one tooth we've already drawn. Make sure it's absolutely symmetrical.
We need a piece that will join this exactly.
Draw 2 lines on the top.
Fill this in - make a square and fill and sent it to the back. Define as brush etc.
Gaps - this is because my white doesn't come to the edge - have to make it bigger.
Illustrator is vector - does not use pixels. Pretty difficult to make Illustrator pixellated.
Vector - not made of lots of little dots as in photoshop. Vector is more mathematical - all just lines - can be very small or very big. Flat, clean print.
Don't do text in photoshop, artwork in photoshop then moved to illustrator.
Illustrator is set up to be the same set up as photoshop.
Add colours to layers to make sorting easier - double click on layer and set colour. New layer? Click on top right bit and hold down.
For squares, use rectangle tool, hold down shift to keep in proportion.
Zoom out as much as you want - all this is useable - you simply select the area you want to use.
Use black arrow tool to transform - don't have to do edit/transform.
Little white and black squares - the black background one does an outline - you can change the colour. If you want to get rid of the outline just hit the button with the red stroke.
Eye turns layers off and on - can lock layer now as it is finished.
Create new layer - template.
3 ways to get template into file - for now open with illustrator - it's now a new document, can be moved around with the lovely little black arrow.
Don't have to worry about which layer you are on to select - will always grab the one you are aiming for. Hooray!
apple C and apple v to put into the DDS library.
Put template layer under grey layer.
Go back to background layer, unlock, down opacity until you can just see template. Lock template and coloured background layer. Turn little eye off on template.
Add new layer, label class work.
Go to pen tool. Click down - options! When you are about to start, there is an x - meaning it is ready to go. Start to notice symbols that go with pen tool.
Open window called stroke - 2 pt is standard outline stroke. Details smaller. Change weight.
The colour you selected for the layer is the colour your dot will be. Make a line. Add a curve in in the usual photoshop manner. Fill colours will appear between your dots - that's why the background is grey, to remind us that the lines have a colour and have to be joined properly to fill in neatly. Fills automatically. Illustrator does not need alt key to delete. Hover pen tool over anchor - use this to deselect bottom handle bar. Simply click on anchor point and handle bar disappears!!!! There is now no direction.
Hover over point you started at - this shows a circle symbol - this is asking you if you are finished. Click on this and the shape will be closed. From here there will be the little x to show that the pen tool is ready again.
If you want to leave a shape - little black arrow, click out.
To go back in - get pen tool, hover over where you left there will be a slash (/) symbol, asking if you are wanting to restart there.
To move handlebars - use black arrow, white arrow. Play with this to get your shapes.
If you only want to alter one curve - press alt - you are only using the one handlebar, thus altering one curve.
Hover pen tool over part of line - plus symbol - add something?
If for some reason it isn't giving you the plus sign, clicking on pen tool gives you all those options. This selects a tool that just does that.
White arrow selects last part of line, select and press delete.
HOMEWORK - red as outline colour, click on template, trace template with pen tool. Turn fill colour OFF, jus want red outline. At the end we can fill, but for now it's better to leave it off. There is no history, just use apple z.
Digital DDS - same rules as illustration DDS apply, send to pattern maker, has to be accurate.
Include description, closures, seams, top stitching - basically to show how everything works.
Divide long centre lines - start at waist band - use template... etc.
The only difference being that these DDS drawings can be coloured in, can put prints on.
These are exact copies, fabric etc.
Ways to use DDS - how it is used in the industry.
Presentation sheets - basic design, digital DDS and hand drawn. Digital used to show colour, patterns and proportions.
Range board and range sheets - gives an idea how the entire range fits together. Can be used in presentations to the client. Technical information.
Look book - books for designers selling to buyers - fashion picture with basic DDS next to it.
Spec sheet - plain, black and white, technical. Very detailed, accurate, non stylised. Sent to factory to give specifications. DDS then lots of information - instructions for the maker. Sizes, buttons etc. Used by everyone in the company - production, designer, pattern maker, digital designer, reference. So it has to be accurate.
Costing sheet - goes with spec sheet - everything must be here, thread, cost of fabric, cost of fusing - everything. Everything that goes under garment. How long it takes to make, all costs together - triple cost. Generally has an image on it just to make everything clear. Cost sheets are very private.
Trend prediction books - more stylised DDS, put in presentations. Basic indication of silhouette, style, feel of the season's garments. Sometimes used on websites.
Merchandising plans - gives an idea of how the shop will look.
Commercial patterns - also used on pattern instructions.